The subjunctive

If she were to go… or Were she to go… equivalent to if she went The past subjunctive form may be used similarly to express counterfactual conditions after suppose, as if, as though, unless, etc. Wishes and Desires with the Subjunctive Wishing, wanting, demanding, desiring, expecting, ordering, and preferring all fall into the category of wishes.

Spanish Subjunctive

The phrase as it were, however, cannot be modified: Perhaps somewhat more common is the use after whether in the sense of "no matter whether": Use of the past subjunctive[ edit ] The only distinct past subjunctive form in English i.

Analogous uses are occasionally found after other conjunctions, such as unless, until, whoever, wherever, etc.: I doubt that he has my phone number. The subjunctive mood is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity: Both forms stem from the third-person plural ellos, ellas, ustedes of the preterite.

Let it be what God wills. American versions of the above examples would use the subjunctive: Past indicative I was, you were, he was, we were, they were Past subjunctive that I were, that you were, that he were, that we were, that they were In the past tense, there is no difference between the two moods as regards manner of negation: I braked in order that the car stay on the road.

As with the present subjunctive, the name past subjunctive refers to the form of the verb rather than its meaning; it need not and in fact usually does not refer to past time.

Subjunctive mood

The "-se" form of the imperfect subjunctive derives from the pluperfect subjunctive of Vulgar Latin and the "-ra" from the pluperfect indicative, combining to overtake the previous pluperfect subjunctive ending.

Present indicative I do not own, you do not own, he does not own…; I am not… Present subjunctive that I not own, that you not own, that he not own…; that I not be… The past subjunctive exists as a distinct form only for the verb be, which The subjunctive the form were throughout: The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is a mood.

However, the possible differences between the two tenses are due only to stem changes. Nevertheless, the subjunctive can stand alone to supplant other tenses. This construction is routine in American English, but less common elsewhere. That he appear in court is a necessary condition for his being granted bail.

A common expression involving were is if I were you.When to use the subjunctive. The subjunctive is a specific verb form. It usually expresses something that you wish for, or a hypothetical rather than actual situation.

If only I were ten years younger. I only wish that what you say were true. It is also used to indicate that something is being suggested or demanded. The subjunctive mood is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity: things like doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, etc.

Yo dudo que usted vaya al Perú en diciembre. I doubt that you are going to Peru in December.

Subjunctive: Part I

Subjunctive definition is - of, relating to, or constituting a verb form or set of verb forms that represents a denoted act or state not as fact but as contingent or possible or.

The written lesson is below. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left. All too frequently, the topic of the subjunctive is made far more difficult than is necessary.

Let’s try a slightly different approach, with the goal of making this topic less troublesome.

Subjunctive vs. Indicative in Spanish

The subjunctive is not a tense. Spanish Subjunctive The subjunctive (el subjuntivo) is one of the three moods in Spanish, the other two being the indicative and the imperative.

The subjunctive is used to express desires, doubts, the unknown, the abstract, and emotions. The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is a mood.


Tense refers when an action takes place (past, present, future), while mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action. The subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but it is widely used in Spanish. Use this verb quizzer to.

The subjunctive
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